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1.  Turn with me in your Bibles to Romans 11:11-17.


2.  Last week we discussed Romans 11:1-10.


3. We saw, Has Yahweh rejected His people. V1-10


  A.  Now some say yes, He has, some say only temporary, others we have replaced



    1.  In verse 1 Paul poses the question. (Did Yahweh reject His people, now

         Paul didn’t say should He have, Paul asks the question Did He?)


      a.  One of the reasons I like Paul’s teachings. (Is that Paul uses Scripture to

           be able to teach what Yahweh is really doing and what He has been

           doing all along)


        1).  Having said that. (Paul starts off by referring to Jeremiah 33:24-26 to talk

              About a very sensitive subject in his day about Israel)


        2).  Now the Title of Jeremiah 33. (Is Israel’s restoration, and the sub section

              Has to do with Yahweh’s covenant with David which starts off in

              Verse 14, so let’s start there)


        3).  Jeremiah was given words to speak to Israel. (Saying that the days are

              Coming when Yahweh will fulfill the promises that He had spoken to

              The House of Israel and the House of Judah, and in verse 15 says that

              He will cause a Righteous Branch to sprout up for David and He will

              Administer justice and righteousness in the land, and in those days

              Judah will be saved (Yahshua) and Jerusalem will dwell securely, and

              This is what she will be named Yahweh our Righteousness)


        4).  Look carefully at Jeremiah 33:17. (David will never fail to have a man

               Sitting on the throne of the House of Israel, and look at verse 18 and

               The Levitical priests will never fail to have a man always before Me

               To offer burnt burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings, and make



        5).  Now let’s look carefully at this. (In this passage, we can see that

              Yahshua would be the Branch of Righteousness, the Natser (branch)

              From Jesse or David, but what about this Levite Priests? This word

              For man in the Hebrew is specific in nature, Scripture could have

              Used adam which could be translated mankind, but this Hebrew word

              Is eesh and refers to a man as an individual man, as is as we discussed

              Two weeks ago directs us to Yahshua and His linage from Mary’s



        6).  But look at Jeremiah 33:20-22. (Yahweh says that if they are able to break

              His covenant the day and His covenant with the night where they

              Cease to come at their regular time, then His covenant with David will

              Have been broken and David will no longer have a son reigning on the

              Throne, and the Levitical priests will no longer be His ministers)


        7).  But, look at this next section of Jeremiah 33:22. (So too, He will make the

              Descendants of His servant David and the Descendants of the Levites

              Who minister to Him to be innumerable, and this is a quote from Genesis

              22:17-18 about making Abraham’s offspring as numerous as the stars

              In the sky and as numerous as the sand on the sea shore)


        8).  Now, look at Jeremiah 33:24-26. (If Yahweh fails to keep His covenant with

              The day and the night where they no longer appear at regular times

              Then He might also reject the seed of Jacob and of My servant David

              Not taking from the descendants rulers over the descendants of

              Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, but then says that He will restore

              Fortunes and He will have compassion on them)


        9).  So, then the question comes up who is He talking about? (Turn with me

              If you will to Galatians 3:16, it says that the promises spoken to Abraham

              Were for Abraham’s seed not seeds, the promise is there the singular

              Seed, not plural seeds, and that singular seed is Messiah, and this is a

              Reference to Genesis 12:7, the Hebrew uses seed as in singular)


       10).  So, you might ask, how does this involve us? (Look at Galatians 3:27-29, it

               Says that as many as have been baptized into Messiah have put on

               Messiah as a garment, and if you belong to Messiah then you are the

               Abraham’s seed and heirs according to the promise)


      b.  Okay that was Romans 11:1, Paul continues in Romans 11:2. (Paul answers the

           question, Has Yahweh rejected Israel, and his answer is Absolutely not,

           says that he is an Israelite, and a descendant of Abraham from the tribe

           of Benjamin)


        1).  Paul quotes the prophet Elijah. (Turn with me to 1 Kings 19:10,

              Appearantly, Elijah had the same question and had made some

              Assumptions about what Yahweh was doing, and I believe we all feel

              Like this from time to time, and this passage is a good one to turn to

              So we can be reminded that it is not about us as individuals, Yahweh

              Is still of the throne, we are not)


        2).  Listen to Elijah’s proclamation. (I, and me alone, have been zealous for

              Yahweh of Hosts, but all of the Israelites have abandoned Your

              Covenant, torn down Your altars, and killed Your prophets with the

              Sword, and I alone am left, and they are looking to kill me)


        3).  Paul also points out in Romans 11:4. (Yahweh’s answer to Elijah found in

              1 Kings 19:18, that there were 7,000 in Israel who had not bent their

              Knee to Baal and every mouth has not kiss it)


        4).  Paul not only says that there are others. (But teaches about a remnant

              That have been chosen by grace, and explains that because it is by

               Grace it makes it not by works, or we could say, those who have



        5).  Look at Dueteronomy 29:4. (Moses is telling Israel, that even up to that time

              Yahweh had not given them a mind to understand, and eyes to see,

              Even though they had seen all of these miracles, they failed to believe)


        6).  And it really goes back to. (They sought after their salvation by works

              And not by faith, and Yahweh wants us to rely on Him for our

              Salvation because the works of our hands are as filthy rags, and will

              Not get us to be righteous)


4.  So this week I would like to continue in this discussion of what Yahweh is

     Doing with His people.


5.  And what is He really doing with the Gentiles? There are a lot of thoughts out



6.  Read Romans 11:11-17, Pray!


I.  The Question of Israel’s Rejection. V11-17


  A.  We need to look at the theologies out there.


    1.  In Romans 11:11 Paul asks the question, “did Israel stumble and fall?”:


      a.  To me that is a very interesting question. (And it is one that we need to

           look at, the word stumble means to trip, err, to sin)


      b.  And the word fall means. (Means to fall, to fail, and to light on, or we

           could say to light on something)


      c.  But if you look within that same verse. (Paul says Absolutely not, and He

           says that through their stumbling salvation has come to the Gentiles to

           make Israel jealous)


        1).  This word jealousy is important. (This word actually is made up of two

               Words: the first is to come along side to provoke to rivalry, and to



        2).  Rivalry in the dictionary. (That this word is defined as a competition

              Between the two groups, we have all heard of Sibel rivalry, maybe

              Provoking the other group for attention)


      d.  So what Paul is saying here is this. (Yahweh is using this stumbling to

           bring about His purpose, of bringing Gentiles into the Kingdom of

           Yahweh and there is more)


        1).  The more is this. (By showing Israel the true way onto Him which is by

               Faith not by the works of their hands)


        2).  We can see this at work. (Turn with me to Acts 28:23-31, in this

               Passage of Scripture, we find Paul has finally made it to Rome, even

               Though Paul was under arrest, In Acts 28:11-16, and Paul had

               people who wanted to see him, some of which were Jews that lived in



        3).  Notice, in Acts 28:29. (After discussing these things with Paul they left

              Paul’s presence continuing in a prolonged debate)

      e.  Back to Romans 11:12. (Notice here Paul begins to talk about what is

           achieved through this action that Yahweh is taken)


        1).  Gentiles are being brought into the Kingdom. (Which Paul defines as

              Riches to the world, now this word riches means wealth, money,

              Possessions, abundance, riches, valuable bestowment, no I am not

              Preaching the prosperity message, and in some ways I am because

              Of the inheritance He has given to us, notice Paul does point out

              This richness is for the Gentiles)


        2).  Notice at the end of this sentence. (Paul says how much more when

              Will their (Jews) full number bring?)


        3).  This full number. (What does this mean? People argue over this phrase

               But we can answer this problem by keeping it within the context that

               Is being taught here by Paul, which is, those that come into Messiah

               Through faith and not works)


        4).  Look at Romans 9:31-33. (They stumbled over the stumbling stone by

              Pursuing rightness by works and not by faith, look at Is. 51:1-3 which

              Tells them to remember Abraham and Sarah who Yahweh accounted

               Righteousness to Abraham because Abraham believed Yahweh)


        5).  Also look at Is. 8:14. (The passage that Paul uses here comes straight

              Out of Isaiah, this was prophesied about for thousands of years that

              This is what would happen if they did not come into Messiah by

              Faith. Because they rejected the idea they stumbled over Yahshua.

              Look also at 1 Peter 2:6-8)


        6).  Now these passages. (Come from Ps. 9:11, Is. 28:16, this is where it

              Was revealed to Paul by The Holy Spirit through Scripture of what

              The Father was doing through His Son Yahshua Messiah, look at

              Galatians 1:15-24, and look at Galatians 1:11-12, Paul says that he did not

              Receive the Gospel from man by through Yahshua Messiah, look

              Also at Luke 24:13-35)


        7).  So, when we look at this. (That phrase “full or full number” is

              Referring to the full number that enter into Messiah by faith not by



      f.  So, Paul goes on in Romans 11:13. (Saying that he is speaking to the Gentile,

          but then goes one to say that even though he is an Apostle to the Gentiles

          it would magnify his ministry if he were able to make his own people

          jealous to the point that some of them turn to Messiah by faith, which

          should be our desire to because we don’t know ourselves who may

          believe or not, and this goes back to Acts 28:29 where we see Paul

          speaking to the Jews in Rome provoking them to debate, while under

          arrest I might add)


        1).  Look at Romans 1:15. (Paul poses the question statement, so to speak, if

              Their rejection is reconciliation for the world, then their acceptance

              Would be life from the dead, so this is important statement, because

              Paul is leading into an important issue for all of us to understand)


    g.  Now let’s look at Romans 11:16. (When we first look at this it would seem as

         if Paul had departed the conversation to some extent, but instead is

         going to take us to a little bit deeper understanding of what he is



     1).  Paul here begins to talk about First fruits and Holiness. (To understand

           This, we must first understand a little about first fruits, so let’s go to

           Leviticus 23:9-11)


     2).  This isn’t the whole teaching of First Fruits but I want you to see

            Something here. (If you look at these verses you will see that this was for

            When they entered the land they were to be given, and they were to

            Bring the first sheaf of the harvest to the priests and they were to wave

            The first sheaf to Yahweh)


     3).  They were not. (To eat any of the grain roasted of that harvest until the  

           Sheaf had been waved to Yahweh, and if you look at Leviticus 23:11 it says

           That when the priest waves that sheaf before Yahweh, then you will be

           Accepted. It does not say that the sheaf will be accepted, it says that the

           People will be accepted and of course a lamb was to be offered, and this

           Was to be done the day after the Sabbath)


     4).  Turn with me to 1 Corinthians 15:20. (It says the Messiah has been raised from

            The dead, the first fruits of many brothers, in in this verse it ties the

            Resurrection of Yahshua with the festival of first fruits which expands

            The meaning behind this festival a little broader for us)

      5).  Now remember this. (We are to observe Passover and Unleavened

            Bread go to the Sabbath and the day after the Sabbath, or we could

            Sunday if the First Fruits)


      6).  So, turn with me to John 20:1. (It says and on the first day of the week

            Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, so we can see this would be

            First Fruits, and this would be when she found the tomb empty, so

            Let’s look at John 20:11-17, the disciples saw the tomb empty, and it

            Says they saw the tomb empty and believed, so they believed that

            Someone had stolen the body, but Mary remained there crying)


      7).  So as Mary is crying. (Yahshua appears to her, she goes to hug Him and

            He tells her not to cling to her because He had not ascended to the

            Father yet, see as the First Fruits He needed to present Himself to the

            Father so they would be accepted)


      8).  Paul talks about leavened in 1 Corinthians 5:7-8. (Paul tells them to remove the

            Leavened out the sin out from among you so you will be able to observe

            Passover without the leavened)


      9).  Only through Yahshua. (Can we truly observe Passover without

            Leavened He is our righteousness, and He is Holy and makes us Holy,

            So back to Romams 11:16, notice, Paul says if the First Fruit (Yahshua) is

            Holy so is the whole batch, and if the root is Holy so are the



    h.  Look at Romans 11:17. (We need to look at this a little closer, Paul says that

         if some of the branches, the word some means that there is still some that

         are among the original that belong to this olive tree, but we need to look

         at why Paul is discussing an olive tree, is it just an illustration or is there

         more to this than meets the eye?)


      1).  Turn with me to Jeremiah 11:16. (Let’s start off by looking at Jeremiah 11:1, this

             Helps us understand who this message is to, if you will look it is to the

             Men of Judah and the residents of Jerusalem, and it about the

             Covenant that was made with their ancestors that Yahweh brought

             Out of the Land of Egypt)


      2).  Now let’s go to Jeremiah 11:16. (We find that Yahweh Himself had named

            A green olive tree that is flourishing, so this olive tree that Paul talks

             Is none other than Israel, so this helps us put this teaching into



      3).  Paul says that some of the branches. (And he is speaking of the natural

            Branches that have been broken off, and they have been, at least for

            Now, replaced with branches from a wild olive tree, and remember this

            Is within the context of Gentiles being brought in)


      4).  And the wild olive branches. (Are sharing the rich root, so who is this

            Root? Let’s look at Is. 11:10 it is the root of Jesse that will be the one

            To sit on the throne and to restore Israel. Look at Romans 15:7-13 it is

            Our Messiah who is that rich root)





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